International Commercial Law 2023 at Mälardalen University

Welcome to the course International Commercial Law at Mälardalen University.

The first Lecture will be on Monday January 16 at 9.15 AM in room Milos, Västerås

On this blogg you are free to write about the course. What is good, what is bad or what do you need help with? You can write anonymous, or you can write your name on the post, but remember it is an open official website. Anyone can read what you are writing so, please, use a nice language.

I hope you will find the course interesting and that you will learn a lot of value for yourself in the future.

Once again welcome to the course.

Best regards,

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35 Responses to International Commercial Law 2023 at Mälardalen University

  1. Anonym says:

    The start of the first lecture went smoothly in my opinion, until we eventually started getting into the more complicated terminology where I noticed that Mr. Frost used other complicated words to explain the said terminology. He also mixed in some Swedish in his explanations, which, as a Swedish student myself, isn’t exactly a problem, but can be for others attending the course. What I’m trying to say is, for me to understand better, complicated language needs to be explained using wording everyone can comprehend.

    • Krister says:

      Thanks for the feedback from the first Lecture.
      It was, if I remember right, on two occasions where I also mentioned the Swedish translation. The first occasion was in explaining that Sweden use the translated term “Civil Law” when we mean Privat Law, but we also use the term “Civil Law” when we mean the Civil Law System opposed to the term Common Law System. I do not feel that will make it hard to understand for an English-speaking person studying in Sweden. Bu t it could be important to avoid misunderstanding.
      The second occasion when I used a Swedish word was when I was going to explain that legislators sometimes when they do changes in a statute, they sometimes also will do something that is called “codify case law” and I mentioned the Swedish term “kodifiera rättspraxis” because I did not immediately find the English term, but I continued explaining the meaning of the concept, in English.

      If there are any students that don’t speak Swedish who did not understand what I was saying in the Lecture, please let me know.

      Anyway, thanks for your feedback, I will continue to improve my English 🙂

      Best regards,

      • Anonym says:

        Thank you for your response! While I have no trouble understanding you, I did sometimes struggle to understand a term or two. By that I mean, perhaps in the future you could simplify the meaning so that we get a clearer picture. For example, while I in theory understand the difference between habit, usage and custom, I don’t quite see how they were relevant to today’s topic. Were the definitions simply something we could use in order to differentiate them? If so, then I’m dropping this here.
        Thank you for your time.
        Have a great evening!

  2. Anonym says:

    Can you explain a bit more what dual vigilance means?

  3. Anonym says:

    hello class/proffesor,
    I just would like to ask so I understand. What exactly are we/me expected to do with the case I/we eventually choose? Is it a case briefing or analysis or… what is the context of the assignment? I only ask this so that I can take particular mental or physical notes if during the lectures or private reading I identify helpful insights. I hope this is not Avery dumb question. On the same note, could the professor perhaps group us already so we can coordinate our studies in regards to the end goal right now in the early stages since as I assume we al have other things going on besides this course! This last notation is strictly in regard to maximising results for all of us (excuse my assumption) but time is of the essence I mean its a rather short course.
    thank you all, I hope I dint offend anyone.

    • Krister says:

      I am so sorry that I forgot to mark ”publish” on the instruction for the Assignment.
      Now the information is on home page. I have asked you to send me a mail with information on who you want to work with.
      If you don’t have anyone to work with then you send me a mail with that information and I will put you in a group.

      Thanks for the question/request and again Im so sorry i missed to publish the information 🙁

      Best regards,

  4. Anonym says:

    Hello. Could you please repeat how long a “legal accept time limit” is?

    • Krister says:

      The question is a Twitter question.
      I do not give more explanations to those questions since the purpose of those questions is that you should find the answers on them on, the lectures or in the movies.
      I therefor refer you to the movie.
      Best regards,

  5. Anonym says:

    When you were lecturing about contract law and Independent Agencies , you mentioned that Contracts Act Chapter 2 Section 10 paragraph 2, is important. This act is not in our conpendium so is it important to memorize this?

    • Krister says:

      No, you don’t have to remember Sections in Swedish Legal Acts. I wanted to emphasize the importance of Agency based on Status in the company so that you understand that most contracts in business are signed by people employed in the companies.
      Best regards,

  6. Anonym says:

    Hello, I’d like to suggest and ask to include key points at the end of each lecture! I believe that would make it easier to understand which of the mentioned and talked subjects are essential to understand and remember for our exam 🙂

    • Krister says:

      Thanks for the suggestion.
      I have been thinking a lot, if it is a good idea or not to do that summary and I have concluded that it is not a good idea because it will narrow down your studies too much. You are taking the course, hopefully, not only to learn for the exam but to learn for life. I will narrow down your exam studies at the last lecture, until then you should try to learn as much as possible.
      Best regards,

  7. Anonym says:

    What if my group is not responding at all? Can I get assigned a new group?

  8. Anonym says:

    Regarding the assignment, what is exactly meant by “Present your opinion regarding the case with support of literature”? What kind of literature are we supposed to be using here?

  9. Anonym says:

    I would like to know if this course material will be available for a while after the completion of this course? If so how long? Solely for purposes of reference in the future as it sometimes takes a while for some things to settle in properly even after the course is completed.

  10. Anonym says:

    Could you please explain the definition ”threshold”? I’ve been trying to find a proper one but none make sense to me

    • Krister says:


      If the value of the Public Procurement Contract is estimated to exceed The Threshold amount a more complicated Procurement Procedure is required, with advertisement in EU, based on EU Directives. Below The Threshold amount a more simple procedure can be used based on National Law.


  11. Anonym says:


    You mentioned that we could not writre anything in the law text compendium but is it okay to write a translation to Swedish?

  12. Anonym says:

    Hello Krister. I am wondering if it is okay to add sticky note tags in the conpendium? I mean the small ones to tag a page and mark for example ”IP-Law” or ”CISG” so I know which page to look at, would that be allowed? Thank you!

  13. Lena says:

    Hello, I was wondering if we have to learn all the swedish law references you made during the 15 lectures for the written exam

  14. Anonym says:

    Are we assigned which groups paper we will write oppisiton paper on or do we choose the group we will write the opposition paper on?

  15. Anonym says:

    Hello, when will we get the suggested solutions to the exam example?

  16. Anonym says:

    Hello Krister, how do we go about the opposition? Do we oppose the other groups arguments or? Thank you.

  17. Anonym says:

    ”If the seller fails to perform any of his obligations in article 30 the buyer may always declare the contract avoided. ”

    I did not understand why this statement is false. because as Article 30 mentioned, ” The seller must deliver the goods, hand over any documents relating to them and transfer the property in the goods, as required by the contract and this Convention.” So if the seller does not deliver the goods or does not hand over the document then the buyer cannot avoid the contract.

    • Krister says:


      Because it must be a fundamental breach, for the buyer to void the contract.